In Journal of Immigrant & Refugee Studies, Volume 10, Issue 3, 2012, pp. 319-337.

This article investigates the relationship between national integration policy models and their outcomes. To evaluate this relationship in greater depth, I studied two typifying migrant groups: ethnic Germans from Romania who migrated legally to Germany—enjoying extensive rights and citizenship upon arrival—and Romanian migrants who migrated to Italy irregularly. Surprisingly, while Romanians in Italy tended to perceive their migration as successful, ethnic Germans migrating to Germany generally perceived a loss of status. Migrants’ reactions to various models of policies and the differences in their transnational practices provided the basis for my explanation of this puzzle.